SERVUNTO™ - ERP On Device, Presents End-to-End Software Solution for Textile Industry.
There are various processes involved in the manufacturing of apparel/garment. Ready to use apparel or garment manufacturing involves many
processing steps, beginning with the idea or design concept, customer requirement and ending with the finished product.
Some of the processes involved in apparel manufacturing include – Design/Sketch, Sampling, Costing, Production Planning, Maker Making, Fabric Spreading, Cutting, Sewing, Stitching, Thread Trimmed, Washing, Finishing, Ironing, Packing, Folding, Final Inspection and Dispatch.
A brief overview of few processses may be put as follows: -
The first step is designing the sketch for the dresses that should be prepared. The designer first draws several rough sketches in the sketchbook or in the CAD/CAM by their own creativity or as per the buyer’s requirements.
Sampling is the second process in the garment manufacturing process. According to the design made by the designer the sample garment is manufactured and is sent to the buyer to rectify. This stage is also known as the product development stage.
Business is all about making profit. So the correct costing of the product before order finalization is very important. The cost of the garment is the cumulative cost of raw material, labour cost, factory margin, office cost, depreciation cost of the machine and taxes etc.
Subsequent to receiving the order, factory plans for when to buy the raw material required for the order. Raw material like fabrics,
sewing threads, packing material, tags, and other required accessories.
The factory must plan for the timelines like when to start cutting, when to submit a preproduction sample when to finish sewing,
and finishing, final inspection date, and shipment date. In production planning stage job responsibility for different processes is well defined.
Production planning and control department is one of the important departments for the apparel manufacturing company.
The maker making is one of the most important tasks in the garment manufacturing industry. Accurate maker making helps to reduce fabric, material wastage which ultimately reduces the cost of making finished garments.
To cut the fabric properly, fabric is spread in the play form. Fabric spreading is done manually or by using the computerized method.
In this stage, the fabric is layered on a table, layer by layer up to a certain level. Then by means of cutting machine, fabric are cut into garment shapes or pattern and separated from the layer. This cutting can be done by manually operated blade cutting machines or by computerized laser beam cutting.
Garments are sewn in an assembly line with the garment becoming complete as it progresses down the sewing line. Sewing machines
operators receive a bundle of cut fabric and repeatedly sew the same portion of the garment, and passing that
completed portion to the next operator in line.
For example, the first operator may sew the collar to the body of the garment and the next operator may sew a sleeve to the body. Quality assurance is performed at the end of the stitching line to ensure that the garment has been properly assembled.
After stitching, all hanging threads are cut by means of hand trimmer. Auto thread trimming machines are also available to perform this task. All loose threads inside the garment are removed as well. Garments without any loose thread and long tail is the very basic requirement.
This process is performed when the buyer wants washing or special finishes to the garments. generally, for light colour, garment washing is carried out to remove dirt and stains.
After sewing, we get a complete garment which is treated with steam ironing and several finishing processes are done including extra loose thread cutting.
To make the garment more attractive / or as per requirement few additional processes are done like dyeing, printing, embroidery for the value addition.
Each pressed garment is then folded with tissue or cardboard. Folding varies from product to product and also from buyer to buyer.
Hang tags, special tag and price tag are attached with plastic Kindle or thread. Folded and tagged garments are then packed into the poly bags / desired packing.
Generally, this process includes checking of the garment, measurements checking. After completion of all process, all pieces are checked by quality check team to ensure that garments are being made as per buyer's quality standards. Checking is normally done for visual appearance and measurement.
After completing all the process, the garment is now ready for dispatch.
|Merchandizing | Buyer Order Management||Procurement | Inventory Management|
|Production Planning||Production | Execution|
Modules are configurable to match company's manufacturing processes and security requirements. For details click Servunto Features